Nutrition News For Soccer Players: Soccer, Injuries & Nutrition
SoccerToday’s nutrition columnist Nancy Clark on practical tips for soccer players who want to win with good nutrition. The bottom line: Don’t underestimate the power of nutrition in preventing and healing injuries!
Soccer players get injured.
Seems like it’s part of the deal.
Be it a torn ACL, Achilles tendonitis, or a pulled muscle, the questions arise: What can I eat to recover faster? Would more vitamins be helpful? What about collagen supplements? What are the best nutritional updates and recommendations for players with injuries?
This was a hot topic at this year’s virtual Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo (FNCE) of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, which was attended by the nation’s largest group of nutrition professionals.
Nutrition News For Soccer Players: Pre-Injury Diet
You never know when you will tear your ACL, get hurt in a car accident, or end up with COVID. That’s why you want to prepare your body for the worst by eating wisely on a daily basis.
While you need not eat a “perfect diet,” you certainly want your meals and snacks to include at least 90% quality calories. Ten-percent fun foods are still allowed!
If you know you’ll be having surgery for, let’s say, an ACL injury, you certainly want to enter into the surgery being well-nourished, with your liver stockpiled with the vitamins and minerals needed for healing.
Well-nourished patients have shorter hospital stays and faster recoveries.
A well-nourished person’s liver stores enough vitamin C to last for about six weeks. A soccer player with anorexia who routinely restricts food intake could easily be under-nourished. Be proactive; eat well every day. Pre-habilitation makes unexpected rehabilitation easier!
By focusing two-thirds of your plate on wholesome grains, fruits, and vegetables, you’ll not only optimize your intake of vitamins and minerals but also fiber.
Focus two-thirds of your plate on wholesome grains, fruits, and vegetables.
Fiber feeds the microbes in your gut. These microbes influence the strength of your immune system. Other foods that boost the health of the microbiome include yogurt, kefir, blue, and other “moldy” cheeses. In contrast, low-fiber ultra-processed foods do little to enhance gut health and immune power. Keto-athletes, take note: some but not all studies suggest low fiber keto diets may be detrimental to the microbiome.
Nutrition News For Soccer Players: Post-Injury Diet
Injured soccer players may be tempted to over-restrict calories, believing they “don’t deserve to eat” because they are not exercising. Wrong.
Even when you are on bed rest, your body burns about 10 calories per pound of bodyweight just for your resting metabolic rate. This is the energy used to fuel organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, brain — and just to be alive. How does this work? If you weigh 150 pounds, you likely need about 1,500 calories for your resting metabolic rate + more fuel for your (limited) daily activity (brushing teeth, getting dressed, etc.) + 10% to 20% additional calories for healing the injury. When injured, you do not want to restrict your intake of valuable nutrients!
On the other hand, you don’t want to over-indulge and smother your injury-related grief and/or boredom with ice cream.
Recovering Players Need Nutritional Structure.
A sports dietitian (RD CSSD) can offer a nutrition rehab plan that identifies the amount of protein needed to prevent loss of lean muscle, an appropriate calorie intake to optimize healing without gaining undesired body fat, offer suggestions for ways to boost your intake of iron and zinc (to optimize healing), and identify anti-inflammatory foods such as berries, leafy greens (spinach, arugula, kale), cruciferous vegetables (brussel sprouts, broccoli), and anti-inflammatory fats (extra virgin olive oil, salmon, nuts).
Nutrition News For Soccer Players: Recovering From Ruptured Tendons, Torn Ligaments, and Muscle Pulls
So called “soft tissue injuries” such as ruptured tendons, torn ligaments, and muscle pulls (muscle torn off tendons) can be season-ending injuries. Preventing them from happening in the first place could save a lot of angst. Research suggests strength training (more so than stretching) reduces the incidence of these injuries.
Speaking at FNCE, Keith Barr PhD, a researcher at the University of California at Davis, explained tendons and ligaments have a collagen-filled matrix. To heal tendon and ligament injuries, Baar reports loading (stressing) them helps to increase collagen synthesis and make them stronger. For example, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) gets thicker (i.e., stronger) during a training season.
Unlike muscles, your tendons and ligaments get nourished with little blood flow to provide nutrients. Rather, fluid in connective tissue gets squeezed out when the muscle stretches during exercise; nourishing fluid then gets sucked in when the muscle relaxes.
Consuming a collagen supplement 30 to 60 minutes before exercise assures having collagen-building amino acids circulating around the damaged tissue. This has been shown to enhance healing.
To create tissues that are more injury-resistant, athletes in sports that include explosive movements (soccer, sprinting, basketball) might want to take collagen supplements prophylactically. One study suggested hydrolyzed collagen during training also improved explosive performance compared to a placebo. Could this enhance sprint performance?
While research is limited (and commercial collagen products are exploding), hydrolyzed collagen, collagen peptides, and yes, Knox gelatin all offer the amino acid glycine, needed to heal these tissues. Dana Lis PhD RD, a researcher with Baar at UC Davis, reports not all collagen supplements are created equal.
Bone broth, for example, has low levels of glycine.
Hydrolyzed collagen seems to be absorbed better than gelatin and tends to be more palatable.
Lis notes vitamin C is a co-factor needed to repair damaged tissue, so athletes should consume 50 mg vitamin C (for example, the amount in 4-oz. orange juice or ½ cup of cooked broccoli) along with the collagen supplement. To date, research has not been done to determine if glycine-rich foods (meat, fish, and poultry, or lesser amounts in soy, nuts, and plant-proteins) are as effective as supplements.
Would eating pre-exercise chicken + orange juice do the same job? Stay tuned.
SIDEBAR: Nutritional and medical advice changes with new discoveries and interpretations. Always check with your medical provider and/or nutritionist for what is best for you and your family.
Sports nutritionist Nancy Clark MS RD CSSD has a private practice in the Boston-area, where she helps both fitness exercisers and competitive athletes create winning food plans.
Clark’s best-selling, the 6th Edition of the Sports Nutrition Guidebook, and Food Guide for Soccer, as well as teaching materials, are available at www.nancyclarkrd.com. Click here for online and live workshops.